2017年12月11日 星期一

For reformed Anglo-Saxon monks, the year began with Advent and Christmas.

#DidYouKnow the Old English word for manger was ‘binn’, the root of the modern word ‘bin’? Explore more with our Medieval Manuscripts team this #BLAdventhttp://bit.ly/2A97U0P
For reformed Anglo-Saxon monks, the year began with Advent and Christmas.
The Nativity, from the Benedictional of St Æthelwold, England, c. 963-984, Add MS 49598, f. 15v.

benediction  (1) 祝福;祝聖;祝禱;感謝:通常聖職人員以手畫十字為人或物祈求天主降福之儀式。 (2) 降福:指聖體降福。
benedictionale  L. :祝聖儀式手冊;祝福詞手冊。英文為 book of blessings 


Nativity of Christ :耶穌聖誕;聖(耶)誕節:簡稱 Christmas 。新約路加福音記述,若瑟從納匝肋城到猶太名叫伯利恒(白冷)的達味城去,好同自己懷孕的聘妻瑪利亞去登記,他們在那裏的時候,她生產的日期滿了。便生出她的頭胎男兒,用繈褓將祂裹起,放在馬槽中 … 忽有一大隊天軍,同那天使一起讚頌天主說:天主在天受光榮,主愛的人在世享平安(路二 4-14 )。


advent  (1) 將臨期:耶穌聖誕前四周的準備期,以便迎接耶穌的來臨。將臨期第一主日為教會禮儀年的開始。 (2) 再臨:基督第二次來臨。拉丁文作 adventus 
Advent of Christ :耶穌來臨:一般指世界末日時,耶穌第二次來臨審判世人。而耶穌第一次來臨是指祂(兩千年前)在巴勒斯坦降生成人、傳佈福音、救贖世人。
advent wreath :將臨期花環;將臨圈:是由冬青樹或其他樹葉所作的花環,附有四支蠟燭;將臨期在聖堂彌撒中或家中(晚餐時)點燃;將臨期第一主日點一支,第二主日點兩支,以此類推。到耶誕節時,將此花環置於聖誕像前。此風始自民間預備迎接耶誕節之用。


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bethlehem

Bethlehem (/ˈbɛθlihɛm/Arabicبيت لحم‎ About this sound Bayt Lahm[beːt.laħm], "House of Meat"; Hebrewבֵּית לֶחֶם‎ Bet Lehem[bet ˈleχem], "House of Bread"; Ancient GreekΒηθλεέμ Greek pronunciation: [bɛːtʰle.ém]LatinBethleem) is a Palestinian city located in the central West BankPalestine, about 10 km (6.2 miles) south of Jerusalem.



Bethlehem

PROPER NOUN


  • A small town 8 km (5 miles) south of Jerusalem, in the West Bank; population 43,100 (est. 2009). It was the native city of King David and is the reputed birthplace of Jesus.

Ahead of Brexit, Paris Tries a Business Makeover

QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"When you grow up in France, none of the heroes you learn about are entrepreneurs. When someone gets rich in France, people immediately ask, 'What did he do to make this money? He must be a nasty person.'"
BRIGITTE GRANVILLE, a professor at Queen Mary University of London who was raised in France, on the shift in the country's mentality toward business as it tries to take advantage of Britain's exit from the European Union.



The Bercy Lab at the Ministry of Finance was renovated to look like the brainstorming space of a start-up.
Ahead of Brexit, Paris Tries a Business Makeover

By DAVID SEGAL

Hoping to woo companies that will move employees from London, leaders in Paris are trying to replace red tape with a red carpet.

Mayor de Blasio Announces New Energy Efficiency Program. Paul Goldberger tours three of New York's greenest offices.

Groundbreakers: Green architecture in New York City
Paul Goldberger tours three of New York's greenest offices.
https://www.newyorker.com/culture/postscript/the-slide-show-epiphanies-of-the-architectural-historian-vincent-scully




NYC Will Be First City to Mandate that Existing Buildings Dramatically ...

www1.nyc.gov/.../news/.../mayor-de-blasio-nyc-will-be-first-city-m...
2017/09/14 - NEW YORK— Mayor Bill de Blasio today announced new mandates that will forcebuilding owners to make sharp reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. The new rules will compel owners to meet fossil fuel ..... I'm thankful to Mayor de Blasio for these new energy efficiencystandards, which will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve our environment, and protect the health and well-being of all New Yorkers." Senator Jesse Hamilton said: "With Superstorm ...

Mayor de Blasio Announces New Energy Efficiency Program - NYC.gov

www1.nyc.gov/.../news/.../mayor-de-blasio-new-energy-efficiency-...
November 29, 2016. NEW YORK––Mayor Bill de Blasio today announced the launch of the NYC Building Operator Training Program to help residential buildings cut energy costs up to 20 percent. The new program offers a no-cost, 30-hour training program for small, multifamily buildingmaintenance staff on ways to reduce energy consumption. Participants will learn about energy and resource conservation techniques related to a building's heating, electrical and water systems.

2017年12月9日 星期六

JERUSALEM。解讀耶路撒冷百年歷史


解讀耶路撒冷百年歷史

一座「聖城」如何成為衝突的中心

本週,美國承認耶路撒冷為以色列首都。圍繞這座城市的衝突可追溯千年,但當前這場衝突完全是20世紀的事,根源在於殖民主義、民族主義和反猶太主義。



耶路撒冷是猶太教、基督教和伊斯蘭教的聖地,在小小的舊城區不但有猶太人尊崇的西牆和聖殿山,還有伊斯蘭教聖地圓頂清真寺與阿克薩清真寺,以及基督教聖地聖墓教堂。

青年外流特拉維夫

以色列雖然一直視耶路撒冷為首都,但近40%人口是巴勒斯坦人,1967年以色列奪下東耶路撒冷後,雖讓巴勒斯坦人繼續居住和工作,但不給予投票權。雖然他們可申請以色列公民身分,但多數認為這形同承認以色列統治而意願不高。巴勒斯坦人一直盼望建國後以東耶城為首都。
耶路撒冷雖有許多著名學府,如希伯萊大學的肇建者愛因斯坦和佛洛伊德,但當地極端正統派猶太學校不願教基本學科,降低學生競爭力。該市也是以色列最貧窮區域,年輕人畢業後往往搬到特拉維夫尋求金融和高科技類的工作。
耶城每逢猶太人的安息日,街上幾乎無車輛行人、宛如空城,許多有錢猶太人雖在這買了度假屋但極少出現,更加深了空城的印象。記者郭美孜

Jerusalem - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem



Jerusalem


ירושלים (Hebrew)
القُدس (Arabic)
City

From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.


Flag
Coat of arms

Nickname(s): Ir ha-Kodesh (The Holy City),
Bayt al-Maqdis (House of the Holiness)



Jerusalem
Coordinates: 31°47′N 35°13′ECoordinates: 31°47′N 35°13′E
Administered by Israel
Claimed by Israel and Palestine[note 1]
Israeli district Jerusalem
Palestinian governorate Jerusalem
Gihon Springsettlement 4500 BCE
City of David 1010 BCE
Present Old City walls built 1541
East-West Jerusalem division 1948
Reunification 1967
Jerusalem Law 1980
Government
• Type Mayor–council
• Body Jerusalem Municipality
• Israeli mayor Nir Barkat (Likud)
• Palestinian mayor (East) Zaki al-Ghul (titular)
Area
• City 125,156 dunams(125.156 km2 or 48.323 sq mi)
• Metro 652,000 dunams (652 km2 or 252 sq mi)
Elevation 754 m (2,474 ft)
Population (2016)[4]
• City 882,652
• Density 7,100/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Metro[5] 1,253,900
Demonym(s) Jerusalemite (Yerushalmi)
Qudsi/Maqdisi
Demographics (2016)[6]
Jewish 64%
Arab 35%
• others 1%
Time zone IST, PST (UTC+02:00)
• Summer (DST) IDT, PDT (UTC+03:00)
Postal code 9XXXXXX
Area code +972-2
Website jerusalem.muni.il (Israeli)


UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, vi
Designated 1981
Reference no. 148
Region Jerusalem District
Endangered 1982–present



“Jerusalem is the house of the one God, the capital of two peoples, the temple of three religions and she is the only city to exist twice―in heaven and on earth: the peerless grace of the terrestrial is as nothing to the glories of the celestial.”
―JERUSALEM: The Biography (2011) by Simon Sebag Montefiore

Jerusalem is the epic history of three thousand years of faith, fanaticism, bloodshed, and coexistence, from King David to the 21st century, from the birth of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam to the Israel-Palestine conflict. How did this small, remote town become the Holy City, the “center of the world” and now the key to peace in the Middle East? In a gripping narrative, Simon Sebag Montefiore reveals this ever-changing city in its many incarnations, bringing every epoch and character blazingly to life. Jerusalem’s biography is told through the wars, love affairs, and revelations of the men and women who created, destroyed, chronicled and believed in Jerusalem. As well as the many ordinary Jerusalemites who have left their mark on the city, its cast varies from Solomon, Saladin and Suleiman the Magnificent to Cleopatra, Caligula and Churchill; from Abraham to Jesus and Muhammad; from the ancient world of Jezebel, Nebuchadnezzar, Herod and Nero to the modern times of the Kaiser, Disraeli, Mark Twain, Lincoln, Rasputin, Lawrence of Arabia and Moshe Dayan. In this masterful narrative, Simon Sebag Montefiore brings the holy city to life and draws on the latest scholarship, his own family history, and a lifetime of study to show that the story of Jerusalem is truly the story of the world. READ an excerpt here: https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/…/jerusalem-by-simon-se…/




2017年12月8日 星期五

反美示威 巴勒斯坦發生騷亂致多人死傷

以色列軍方發言人稱,在加沙地帶,以軍士兵在向帶頭發動騷亂的人射擊時,造成了1人死亡。

DW (中文) - 德国之声都分享了 1 條連結
川普總統本週決定將美國駐以色列大使館搬遷至耶路撒冷,並承認這一宗教聖城為首都,引起了眾多中東穆斯林國家民眾的強烈抗議。本週五,耶路撒冷、約旦河西岸、加沙地帶爆發了大規模示威,並造成至少一人身亡、多人受...
DW.COM

Germany celebrates new Berlin-Munich high speed train line

Germany celebrates new Berlin-Munich high speed train line
A quarter of a century in the making, the new line cuts the travel time between two of Germany's biggest cities to just four hours. The project was the biggest and most expensive of its kind in Europe.
Chancellor Angela Merkel was at Berlin's central train station on Friday to celebrate the inauguration of Germany's new high-speed rail line between the capital and the country's third-most populous city, Munich.
The ceremonial first journey from Munich to Berlin clocked in at just about four hours, two hours shorter than the previous connection.
The project — the biggest and, at roughly €10 billion (around $12 billion), most expensive of its kind in Europe — has been 26 years in the making. Talk of a better connection between Germany's two biggest cities had already begun in the weeks after the fall of the Berlin wall, and has been slowly completed in stages ever since.
Rail operator Deutsche Bahn (DB) expects the number of yearly travelers between Berlin and Munich to double to about 3.6 million.
German broadcaster Deutschlandfunk pointed out, however, that the new mega-project still cannot boast speeds comparable to China's new high-speed rail, though it offered the justification that such speeds are difficult in smaller countries where major cities are closer together.
Celebrating the "most modern route in Germany," alongside Merkel was Christian Schmidt, the agriculture minister who is also overseeing the transport ministry as Germany enters its third month without a new government.
"This milestone in train transport will make Germany an even more important hub," said Schmidt, a member of the Bavarian CSU.
While some environmental activists bemoaned the disruption caused by the building and future use of the track, some argued that it was a positive move for the climate — boasting a four-hour trip from city center to city center, the new train line is expected to cut into the number of travelers taking airplanesbetween Berlin and Munich.
DW News
It only takes 4 hours now for a journey between Munich and Berlin with the new high speed train line.

2017年12月7日 星期四

千葉県柏市;東京大学宇宙線研究所スーパーカミオカンデのパズル、完売続出 難解さ人気

かしわし
柏市
改装後のスタジアム。バックスタンドよりメインスタンドを臨む
Flag of Kashiwa, Chiba.svg
柏市市章(1954年11月21日制定)
日本の旗 日本
地方関東地方
都道府県千葉県
団体コード12217-3
法人番号6000020122173
面積114.74km2
総人口420,824
推計人口、2017年10月1日)
人口密度3,670人/km2
隣接自治体松戸市我孫子市鎌ケ谷市野田市
流山市印西市白井市
茨城県取手市守谷市
市の木カシワシイ
市の花シバザクラカタクリヒマワリ
市の鳥オナガ
柏市役所
市長 秋山浩保
所在地277-8505
千葉県柏市柏5丁目10番1号
北緯35度52分3.3秒東経139度58分32.7秒
Kashiwa city hall.jpg
外部リンク柏市
柏市位置図
 ― 政令指定都市 /  ― 市 /  ― 町 /  ― 村
超級神岡的拼圖,售罄繼續深奧的人氣

先看看
2017年12月7日

東京宇宙射線研究所千葉縣柏市)10月下旬銷售官方商品“ Super Kamiokande拼圖”特別受歡迎。研究設備的高難度和設計信譽良好,售罄也相繼出現。
 這個科目是位於岐阜縣飛行城市超級神岡的研究設施在使用這個設施中微子研究中Takaaki Kajita先生 2015年獲得了諾貝爾物理學獎設備的內部被複製成300件。負責人也有困難說:“我不知道是否能完成到底”。
 東京柏校區(柏)和本鄉校區的大學(東京文京區,原定出售),但負責人的官方微博已被轉載超過被張貼在10000次以上。處理由在幾個零售店接到處理請求的時候,第一次舉手東急名古屋店(名古屋市)決定。
 在出售後的3天內在店內售罄,購入108件。負責人感到驚訝的是“在一天內銷售幾十個相同的難題是不尋常的”。學院將從十一月下旬訂貨1500,在這兩個校園,同店復發銷售。我們也在考慮網上購物。
 完成後,拼圖是38厘米乘26厘米,含稅1500日元。不計費用的銷售用於青年研究人員的就業和研究環境的改善。(首次出現)
     ◇
 < 超級神岡 > 宇宙從蠅基本粒子中微子在裝置來觀察,神岡礦(岐阜縣,設在地下室的飛行千米驒市)。在一個直徑39米,高41米的巨大水箱的內壁上,安裝了10,000多個稱為“ 光電倍增管 ”的光傳感器。

東京大学宇宙線研究所が10月下旬に売り出した「スーパーカミオカンデジグソーパズル」が異例の人気。難易度の高さと研究設備の絵柄が評判で、完売が相次いでいます。



スーパーカミオカンデのパズル、完売続出 難解さ人気:朝日新聞デジタル
東京大学宇宙線研究所(千葉県柏市)が10月下旬に売り出したオフィシャルグッズ「スーパーカミオカンデジグソーパズル」が異例の人気だ。難易度の高さと研究設備の絵柄が評判で、完売が相次いでいる。 題材は岐…

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